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Join date : 2011-03-04

PostSubject: Western world   Sat Dec 03, 2011 10:46 am

The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, west"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term referring to the countries of Western Europe (including Greece and sometimes Cyprus)[1], the countries of the Americas, as well all countries of Northern and Central Europe, Australia and New Zealand.
The concept of the Western part of the earth has its roots in Greco-Roman civilization in Europe, with the advent of Christianity. In the modern era, Western culture has been heavily influenced by the traditions of The Renaissance, The Protestant Reformation, The Enlightenment, and shaped by the expansive colonialism of the 16th-19th centuries. Its political usage was temporarily informed by a mutual antagonism with the Soviet bloc during the Cold War in the mid to late 20th Century (1944-1989). In the contemporary religious and cultural meaning, the term Western world refers to the countries of Europe (specifically, Western Europe) as well as countries of western European colonial origin in the New World (i.e. the Americas and Australasia), such as the United States of America, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Australia, Argentina, etc.[2][3][4]

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